Language Inc

Language Inc. - Specialists in translating, proofreading, editing and copywriting.

Wolof

WolofBackground

Wolof started as the language of the Lebou people, and is a member of the Senegambian branch of the Niger-Congo language family.  A 2006 survey found that out of a total of 10 million speakers, approximately 4.2 million of these speak Wolof as a first language. 

Although Wolof is not an official language in any country, many people use it as a primary language.  In Senegal, it is the most extensively spoken language, with almost 40% of Senegalese being native Wolof speakers, and a further 40% using Wolof as a second or learned language.  Furthermore, in Gambia 20–25% of the population speak first language Wolof, and in Mauritania roughly 7% of inhabitants are native Wolof speakers.  In Senegal, Wolof is used as the common tongue when various ethnic groups gather in cities and towns.

Usage

Senegalese, Mauritanian, and Gambian Wolof are made up of different language and writing rules, making each one diverse.  Each vernacular also draws from different languages for their technical loan words.  In addition, further dialectical differences can be found between rural and urban areas.  This being said, there still appears to be a shared clarity between the dialects in both written and spoken Wolof.

Wolof borrows words from the official languages in the countries in which Wolof is widely spoken; namely French from Senegal, English from the Gambia, and Arabic from Mauritania.  Conversely, English has borrowed a few words from Wolof, for example yummy from nyam (“to taste”).

Although 1974 saw the standardisation of the Latin alphabet as the official script used for Wolof in Senegal, a few of the senior Senegalese men still prefer to write Wolof using the original Wolofal script, which is a version of Arabic script.

About us

At Language Inc., a professional language service supplier, we are able to assist you with your translation requests. Please visit our website (https://www.language-inc.org/en/services/languages ) to view the list of languages we can translate into and from to assist you to reach your target audience. Whether you need a translation into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa or any other language listed, please feel free to be in contact with us.

The Language Inc. Team

">
Continue reading
5168 Hits

Punjabi

PunjabiBackground

Punjabi is a member of the Indo-Aryan group of the Indo-European language family, and is the 10th most commonly spoken language in the world (2015).  Over 100 million people (2010) speak Punjabi worldwide, both in the native Punjab districts of Pakistan and India, and by Punjab emigrants in countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada, United Arab Emirates, the United States of America, Saudi Arabia, and Australia.

In addition to being one of India’s 22 scheduled languages, Punjabi is also an official language of India and the Indian State of Punjab.  Punjabi is not categorised as an official language of Pakistan, despite being the most commonly spoken language in the country. This is due to Pakistan not approving any regional language for official language status at national level.  Nevertheless, Punjabi is the official provincial language of the Punjab Province of Pakistan.

Usage

Punjabi can be divided into multiple dialects, subject to regional variances.  In India, the leading Punjabi dialects are Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, and Pwadhi; while in Pakistan they are Majhi, Pothohari, Hindko, and Multani.  Further to these there are roughly eleven additional vernaculars.  Punjabi dialects run together in such a manner that they ultimately become Hindi in India and Sindhi in Pakistan.  A handful of linguists refer to certain Punjabi dialects (such as Majhi, Hindko, and Saraiki) as languages in their own right, thereby reducing the proportion of Punjabi speakers in the world.

Similar to numerous other contemporary Indo-Aryan languages, Punjabi developed from Sanskrit; and large portions of Punjabi prose include expressions from Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, and other Indic languages.  The Majhi vernacular is believed an esteemed dialect due to the fact that it is used as the standard for written Punjabi.  In Pakistan Punjabi is written using the Shahmukhi script, whereas in India the Gurmukhi script is used.

About us

At Language Inc., a professional language service supplier, we are able to assist you with your translation requests. Please visit our website (https://www.language-inc.org/en/services/languages ) to view the list of languages we can translate into and from to assist you to reach your target audience. Whether you need a translation into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa or any other language listed, please feel free to be in contact with us.

The Language Inc. Team

">
Continue reading
4792 Hits

Polish (Język Polski, Polszczyzna)

PolishBackground

Polish is the official language of Poland, one of the official languages of the European Union, and the national language of Polish groups the world over.  After the 1945 Yalta Conference deliberating the rezoning of war-ravaged Europe, many Polish nationals found themselves within the borders of different countries; resulting in numerous people claiming Polish as second language in the European countries of Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Germany, Latvia, Romania, and Slovakia.  Sizeable Polish communities can also be found in Australia, Brazil, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States.  This brings the final tally of Polish speakers to over 40 million globally.

A member of the Lechitic subgroup of the West Slavic group of the Indo-European language family, Polish has the most speakers within the West Slavic Group, and is the second most extensively spoken Slavic language after Russian.  Poland is considered the most linguistically standardised European country; with almost 97% of Polish residents confirming Polish as their primary language.

Usage

Citizens in the various districts all speak variations of “Standard” Polish.  While these versions are considered Polish dialects, the differences seem to be minor; first-language speakers can easily understand each other across these dialects, and second language speakers might not even be able to tell the vernaculars apart.  Polish is said to have four or five main dialects, depending on who you consult and whether they consider Silesian a Polish dialect or a distinct language.  Further smaller regional vernaculars are differentiated due to county borders, wealth, lifestyle, and residential location. 

During the past century Poland has been heavily influenced by other countries at various times, as evidenced by the large number of loanwords that exist in the Polish language.  Although Polish has borrowed freely from Latin, Czech, Italian, German, Hungarian, Turkish, Yiddish, Mongolian, and English, these copied words have always been altered to reflect Polish pronunciation and spelling.

About us

At Language Inc., a professional language service supplier, we are able to assist you with your translation requests. Please visit our website (https://www.language-inc.org/en/services/languages ) to view the list of languages we can translate into and from to assist you to reach your target audience. Whether you need a translation into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa or any other language listed, please feel free to be in contact with us.

The Language Inc. Team

">
Continue reading
3621 Hits

Nama (Khoekhoegowab)

NamaBackground

Nama is the cultural name for the Khoekhoe (Khoekhoegowab) language.  Although this language was originally known as Hottentot, this name is deemed discriminatory and is no longer used.  Nama is loosely categorised as Khoisan, as it is considered the most prevalent non-Bantu language that uses “click” sounds.

Nama is descended from the Central or Khoe group of the Khoesan language family, and is spoken by the Nama, Damara, and Haillom tribes of Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa.  Statistics regarding the numbers of first and second language speakers are scarce.  This may be due to the fact that the former South African government did not recognise Nama as a language or a people.  Nevertheless, a 2011 investigation estimates that there may be as many as 250,000 native Khoekhoe speakers.

Usage

Khoekhoe is spoken across a vast geographical region with few inhabitants, resulting in clusters of secluded speakers.  This may account for the existence of 6 different Nama vernaculars, as identified by the Ethnologue.  These dialects are Bondelswarts-Nama (otherwise known as Bondelswarts), Sesfontein Dama (or Sesfontein Damara), Namidama, Central Dama (Central Damara), Central Nama (Nama), and Topnaar-Nama (or simply, Topnaar). 

Nama is a very old language, closely linked to other tongues from the same language family, such as Naro and Khwedam.  Despite this close relationship, Khoekhoegowab is completely dissimilar and does not share a common clarity with these dialects.  Nama terminology tends to reveal their lifestyle, with their lexicon overflowing with terms concerning hunting, animals, plants, and different varieties of topography. 

As a national language in Namibia, Nama is used for all levels of education and in municipal government.  In addition, public broadcasting corporations in Namibia and South Africa record and transmit Khoekhoe radio programmes. 

About us

At Language Inc., a professional language service supplier, we are able to assist you with your translation requests. Please visit our website (https://www.language-inc.org/en/services/languages ) to view the list of languages we can translate into and from to assist you to reach your target audience. Whether you need a translation into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa or any other language listed, please feel free to be in contact with us.

The Language Inc. Team

">
Continue reading
3845 Hits

Maltese

MalteseBackground

Maltese is both the national and the co-official language of Malta.  In addition, Maltese is the only Semitic language designated as an official language of the European Union.  Derived from the Siculo-Arabic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family, Maltese was brought to Malta during the period from the end of the 9th century to the end of the 12th century.  Maltese is spoken by nearly 520,000 individuals (2012) on the Mediterranean islands of Malta, Gozo, and Comino, as well as by Maltese communities in Australia, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and Tunisia. 

Usage

By 1249 the Norman Conquest had evicted all Muslims from Malta. This secluded the dialect from its Arabic foundation, causing Maltese to develop into a distinct vernacular.  This dialect proceeded to grow together with Italian, which it ultimately substituted as official language of Malta in 1934.  Maltese is used for most areas of everyday life, whereas English is favoured in higher levels of education.

Maltese is the only Semitic dialect written using Latin characters.  While the fundamental terminology is based on the original Siculo-Arabic vocabulary, Maltese contains a wide variety of loanwords from standard Italian, Sicilian, English, and French.  Prior to a standardised written Maltese being developed in the late 18th century, official documents and messages were written using French and Italian.  English use in education was encouraged during the British colonial period.
Standard Maltese can be divided into two separate dialects, namely urban varieties and rural varieties.  Urban vernaculars are very similar to Standard Maltese with very few variances.  Conversely rural vernaculars are closer to the Siculo-Arabic origins of Maltese, with antique Semitic structures no longer found in Standard Maltese.

About us

At Language Inc., a professional language service supplier, we are able to assist you with your translation requests. Please visit our website (https://www.language-inc.org/en/services/languages ) to view the list of languages we can translate into and from to assist you to reach your target audience. Whether you need a translation into French, Spanish, Portuguese, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa or any other language listed, please feel free to be in contact with us.

The Language Inc. Team

">
Continue reading
3001 Hits

Facebook

Twitter

LinkedId